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Petrikovka

Petrikovskaya painting is known in the world along with Khokhloma, in many art schools and academies are engaged in this kind of art, they conduct master classes, create handbooks on painting techniques. The village is located near Dnipropetrovsk, on one of the tributaries of the river Orel.

The origin of the name of the village, according to many historians, is associated with the name of the last ataman of the Zaporozhye Sich - Peter Kalnishevsky. By his efforts, many Cossack winterers were created, which over time grew into large settlements, one of them was the present Petrikovka.

Petro Kalnishevsky is an extraordinary, strong personality with a bright destiny: a successful warrior, an able politician, a good business executive. Legend has it that even as an eight-year-old boy, he became a jury, a Cossack squire, and left for Zaporozhskaya Sich. On the Sich, he was twice elected as the ataman ataman. Creating the "economic base of the Cossack republic", Kalnishevsky helped the peasants, move to the deserted Dnieper lands. Thanks to his worries in the wild steppe, not one Ukrainian village has grown. After the destruction of Zaporozhskaya Sich, Petro was arrested and sent to life imprisonment for Solovki, where he spent 25 years in prison for especially dangerous criminals. Forgiveness to the prisoner was granted to Alexander I, Kalnishevsky at that time had already turned 110 years old, he was almost blind, wild, but he could not survive from his mind. The last Zaporozhye ataman died in 1803 at the age of 112 years in the Solovetsky Monastery.

As for Petrikovka itself, it became famous thanks to the original decorative painting that arose together with the first settlers. They began to build light clay houses, decorating them with colored clay; the hostesses tried to paint their houses with floral patterns. They painted walls, a stove, a fireplace, the outer facade of the house - all this created a single artistic ensemble. At the heart of Petrykiv's art lies the imaginative perception of native nature, love for the Ukrainian land. The main motives for painting are wildflowers, branches of viburnum, mallow, peonies, asters. The villagers created their masterpieces with the help of brushes, sticks, wrapped in cloth and simply with fingers. The palette of paints used abounded in the brightest, most saturated colors. Each hostess strove to make her house the most picturesque, it was believed that bright beautiful paintings are an external manifestation of the spiritual wealth of a person's inner world, but if the hut remained white, then the soul of the inhabitants of that house was wretched and dark. The most diligent hostesses in Petrikovka were called "chepurushki". It was they who passed on the skills of painting from generation to generation.

However, in the difficult years of the 20th century, folk art fell into decay. The revival began with the village teacher Alexander Statuev, who opened the school and invited the last Petrikov "chepurushka" Tatiana Pata to the teachers. And after the war, one of the pupils of this school - Fyodor Panko - decided to devote himself entirely to folk art. His efforts in the village created a creative association "Petrikovka" and an experimental workshop, which now employs more than 40 folk artists.

At present, the museum of folk art operates in Petrikovka, its exposition includes many masterpieces of ethnic painting - these are paintings, painted objects of everyday life, ornaments. There are also workshops where you can not only watch how the artists work, but also try to learn something to paint in the Petrikov style.

And, of course, all sorts of souvenirs are sold here, also masters with pleasure draw greeting cards, paint decorations individually for anyone who wants. Petrikovka is an amazing corner of Ukraine, where the national traditions of the original art of Ukrainian painting have been preserved. Considering the paintings, communicating with the masters, we learn our own history, join the culture of our ancestors, enrich our spiritual world.

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