Perekop shaft, which gave the name to the city. was created here, between the headwaters of the Mzha and Kolomak rivers, back in Scythian times, and in the first half of the XII century, during the Mongol-Tatar invasion, this territory was devastated and turned into the so-called "wild field". It was here, between forests and swamps, that the Muravsky Way passed - the path from the Crimea to the Russian state, along which the Crimean and Nogai Tatars went on raids for booty and slaves.

To protect against the attack of the Tatars at the beginning of the 1600th century. in the midst of the "wild field", the creation of a line of fortified points began, which included Tsare-Borisov (1638), Chuguev (1646), and in XNUMX the settlement of Valki was founded.

From 1660, the Valkovskaya fortress with all the buildings was transferred to Ukrainian immigrants, who took upon themselves the duty to carry out guard service, and in April 1780, with the formation of the Kharkov governorship, Valki became a county town, and in December 1796 - a provincial city of Kharkov county.

After the February Revolution 1917, the power of the Central Rada was established in Valki and the county. During the civil war, power changed several times. In November, the Soviet government was proclaimed in Valki 1917, but on April 7, the village was occupied by German troops on 1918, in February 1919, the village was occupied by the Red Army, and later it was occupied by units of VSYuR.

In April 1921, an anti-Soviet uprising began in Valki, led by former officers of the UPR army Dzhuvago, Makarenko and Sorokin. On April 30 - May 1, 1921, the storming of the city of Valka by rebel groups took place, which managed to capture the southern outskirts, but suffered losses and retreated, after which they were defeated by the arriving Red Army forces under the leadership of R. Eideman near the village of Kovyagi. The scattered troops continued to fight until 1922.

In addition to the interesting history, tourists in Valki are attracted by the masters of folk art - pottery, pysankarstva, a magnificent museum of local lore, seasonal fairs, amazing landscapes and picturesque places for recreation.

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