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Novgorod-Seversky

Novgorod-Seversky is one of the oldest cities in Ukraine, for the first time in written sources, it is mentioned in 1078 in the "Instruction of Vladimir Monomakh", and the city was founded in 988, when the Grand Duke Vladimir built fortresses on the Desna.

 

Although the Novgorod-Seversky principality was the smallest in the entire territory of Kievan Rus, but it included quite large cities, such as Bryansk and Kursk. It was formed in 1097 at the congress of princes in Lyubech.

Novgorod-Seversky principality was ruled by Chernigov princes, among which Igor Svyatoslavovich, the hero of "The Lay of Igor's Host" became the most famous.

In addition to the events described in this ancient Russian masterpiece, Igor became famous for other important events: in 1171 he defeated the Polovtsian khans of Kobyak and Konchak, in 1169, along with 11 princes led by Andrei Bogolyubsky, took part in the battle against the Kiev prince Mstislav Izyaslavich .

In 1239, Novgorod-Seversky was destroyed by the Mongol-Tatars. Since then, Severskina was part of both the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and in the composition of Muscovy, and in the composition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In 1620, the city received the Magdeburg Law.

In Novgorod-Seversky, many unique monuments of history and culture have been preserved, among which the Spaso-Preobrazhensky Monastery is one of the most ancient monasteries of Kievan Rus. Now in the monastery a historical and cultural museum-reserve "The Lay of Igor's Campaign" was created.

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