Zolochiv Castle

The sights of Lviv, in addition to the architectural monuments of the city itself, include castles in the Lviv region. Lviv region is rich in castles, one of which is Zolochiv Castle.

Using the book "Lviv guide" or the site "Lviv guide", you can get an idea of ​​the place where you would like to get. Obviously, on the site of the Zolochiv fortress there used to be an ancient fortress, which was burnt by the Tatars.

The city of Zolochev is located on a former important trade route that connected the West with the East and South of Europe. The first mention of Zolochiv dates back to 3. The city received the Magdeburg Law on March 3, 1442. At that time, there was a large Armenian colony here. In 15, the owner of Zolochev Stanislav Seninsky sold it to Andrey Gurko, a Poznan castellan.

Then the city of Zolochev and the fortress passed to Yakub Sobesky. The latter began to actively improve the defensive system of the castle, in particular, strengthened it with four bastions. The length of each defensive wall was over 100 m and reached 11 m in height. The defensive ditch that surrounded the Zolochiv castle was not filled with water, but it had a decent depth, and stakes were driven into its bottom. The ramparts in front of the walls were arranged in such a way that, in the event of an enemy attack, the cannon balls fell into the earthen embankments without damaging the facing tiles of the walls.

In the XVII century, Zolochiv Castle was famous for its level of comfort. There were several ultra-modern water closets at that time (for comparison, in the current museum there is only one!). In a separate room there was a door to a secret passage connecting the king's office and the treasury. It is believed that this could be the so-called "long ear" - a system with which it was possible to listen to the conversations of the servants located on the ground floor. From the king's office, another secret passage led to the defensive ramparts. At any time, the king, unnoticed by his servants, could leave the castle.

In 1672, Zolochiv Castle was destroyed by Turkish troops, and after his return to the Polish state, the same captive Turks rebuilt the structure. After the death of Jan III in the Golden Castle, Prince Yakov sometimes lived (died in 1737 year). 3The castle together with other estates became the property of the Radziwill family and eventually fell into decay.

In 1802, the landowners Komarnitsky bought 3olochev, who adapted the buildings for living quarters. In 1840, the owners sold the fortress to the Austrian government for military barracks. Since 1872, a prison has also been organized here. Black times came in 1939, when the Soviet government arranged a torture chamber for the NKVD in the palace. By June 1941, the "Soviets" had tortured about 700 residents here. One of the expositions of the museum tells about it.

Another attraction of the castle are two huge stones found near the city, outside the village of Novoselki. One of them is covered with Gothic letters. On the other, there are two intertwined wreaths, "dead" and "alive". A hole was made at the intersection with an unknown target. Numerous attempts have been made to explain the origin and purpose of the stones, but there is still no final version.

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