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Baturin

Baturin - the hetman capital of Ukraine - is located in the territory of Bakhmach district of Chernihiv region, on the left bank of the Seim River.

Baturin was the capital of Cossack Ukraine in the XVII-XVIII centuries. and was considered a city in the period of 1625-1923; Since 2008, I have regained the status of the city.

In 1708, Hetman Mazepa decides that there is a convenient opportunity for a break with Moscow. After the unification of Mazepa with Charles XII, Russian Tsar Peter I ordered Menshikov to capture Baturin. But the fortress was well fortified and armed, a small Cossack garrison. Only the treason of a Cossack colonel helped Menshikov capture the citadel. Breaking into Baturin, the Russian troops captured the hetman's treasury, artillery, food supplies and committed an unheard-of massacre, destroying not only the defenders of the city, but also the entire civilian population with infants, inclusive.

Prince Menshikov, at the direction of the Russian Tsar Peter I ordered the destruction of the hetman's capital Baturin and punish all its inhabitants. The headlines like "The Last Massacre", "All Ukraine in Blood", "Women and Children on the Sables of Sabers" abounded with the pages of the leading newspapers in France - Gazette de France, Paris Gazette, Lettres Historique, Mercure historique, Clef du Cabinet ». They report this as follows: "The terrible king is greedy for blood in Ukraine ... All the inhabitants of Baturin, despite age and sex, are carved out as ordered by the inhuman customs of the Muscovites"; "All Ukraine is bathed in blood. Menshikov shows the horrors of Moscow's barbarity "

The carnage itself, as the excavations that are being conducted in Baturyn, was near the hetman's palace and the houses of the Cossack sergeant-major. The city was destroyed, including all churches and monasteries. In official documents of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, these events are called "Baturin tragedy". The hetman's residence was moved to Glukhov in the same year. Since that time, the city is in decline. Attempts to revive the city were made under Hetman Kirill Razumovsky, but after his death the city finally loses its significance. Baroque palace of the hetman of Ukraine Razumovsky.

In 1708 in Baturin there were about 20 thousand inhabitants. And in 1726, after 18 years of destruction, the city became deserted, and the inhabitants that survived lived on the outskirts (428 yards).

Since 1760, Baturin became the property of Hetman Kirill Rozumovsky, who intended to transfer the capital of the Hetmanate again to the city. After the liquidation of the regimental division in Ukraine, the city entered the Chernigov region, then - Malorossiysk province, and from 1802 - Chernigov province.

14 November 2008 year in Baturin took place to rebury the victims of the Baturin tragedy. The remains were reburied in the newly built Castle Church of the Resurrection of the Lord, which was ordered by Menshikov to be burned by Russian troops after the capture of the city. The new church was reconstructed after the Orthodox Ukrainian churches of the end of the XVII century by the masters of the Lviv region with the assistance of the Kharkiv regional state administration. Especially under the temple there is a crypt where the remains of the victims of the Baturin tragedy were placed. The consecration of the church and the prayer service for the victims of the tragedy was conducted by the Bishop of Chernihiv and Nezhinsky Illarion, the administrator of the Chernigov diocese of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyiv Patriarchate

At present, 5 objects have been reconstructed in Baturin: the citadel, the palace of Hetman Razumovsky, the Kochubey's house, the Resurrection Church and the Resurrection School at the Temple. 7 October 2006 Baturin officially became the National Historical and Cultural Reserve "Hetman's Capital".

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