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Buchach

Unusual city name bank of the Strypy River comes from the Old Slavonic "buche", which in translation means "aspiration, depth, veshnie waters." The history of the city is very ancient: during the archaeological excavations on the Fedor Mountain, a metalwork tool was found, typical for the 3-6 tribes of the millennium BC. 

According to scientists, nand the territory of Buchach was an ancient Slavic settlement, which was part of the Galicia-Volyn principality until the year 1340. At the end of the XIV century, as a result of the struggle between Poland and the Lithuanian principality, the Eastern Galicia, including Buchach, were captured by the Poles.

The first written mention of the city refers to 1397 year. Buchach at that time belonged to Lithuanian magnates Buchatsky, in the city Twice a year fairs were held, and weekly on Thursdays - bidding. Most of the townspeople engaged in crafts and agriculture.

In 1672, Hetman Petro Doroshenko, together with the Turkish Sultan, recaptured Kamenets-Podolsky and Buchach from the Poles. The city is famous for the fact that here on October 18, 1672, a peace treaty was signed between the Commonwealth and the Ottoman Empire, known as the "Buchach Peace". The border between the states ran along the Strypa River and divided the city into two parts: the eastern part - Turkish and the western part - Polish.

Buchach at various times was part of Austria, Austria-Hungary, the Russian Empire, ZUNR, Soviet Union.

Tourists who visited Buchach, must be examinedAmok, built by Lithuanians Buchatsky in 1379, gTown Hall, built in the middle of the XVIII century. architect Bernard Meretin in the Baroque style; The Basilian monastery and Assumption Church of authorship of the same Meretina, inwhose interior you can see the unique sculptures of the work Johann Georgy Pinzel.

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