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Rolls

Perekop shaft, which gave the name of the city. It was created here between the upper reaches of the Mzha and Kolomak rivers, back in Scythian times, and in the first half of the 12th century, during the Mongol-Tatar invasion, this territory was devastated and turned into a so-called “wild field”. It was here, between forests and swamps, that the Muravsky Way passed - the path from the Crimea to the Russian state, through which the Crimean and Nogai Tatars went in raids for booty and slaves.

To protect against the attack of the Tatars in the early XVII century. among the "wild field" began the creation of a line of fortified points, which included Tsar-Borisov (1600 year), Chuguev (1638 year), and in 1646, the Valky settlement was founded.

From 1660, the Valkovskaya fortress with all the buildings was transferred to Ukrainian immigrants, who took upon themselves the duty to carry out guard service, and in April 1780, with the formation of the Kharkov governorship, Valki became a county town, and in December 1796 - a provincial city of Kharkov county.

After the February Revolution 1917, the power of the Central Rada was established in Valki and the county. During the civil war, power changed several times. In November, the Soviet government was proclaimed in Valki 1917, but on April 7, the village was occupied by German troops on 1918, in February 1919, the village was occupied by the Red Army, and later it was occupied by units of VSYuR.

In April, an anti-Soviet uprising led by former officers of the UNR army Juvago, Makarenko and Sorokin led Valki to 1921. 30 April - 1 May 1921, the city of Valki was stormed by rebels, who managed to capture the southern outskirts, but suffered losses and retreated, after which they were defeated by the Red Army forces led by R. Eideman near the village of Kovyagi. Scattered troops continued to fight until 1922 year.

In addition to the interesting history, tourists in Valki are attracted by the masters of folk art - pottery, pysankarstva, a magnificent museum of local lore, seasonal fairs, amazing landscapes and picturesque places for recreation.

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