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Uzhhorod Castle

Uzhgorod Castle has a thousand-year history. It is the main tourist object in Uzhgorod. If you are interested in medieval history and an example of its architecture, then you must visit this fabulous place, which rises on Castle Hill.

For the first time the fortress is mentioned in the chronicle "Acts of the Hungarians". The base of the castle dates back to the 9 century and is associated with the legendary Prince Labortz. The fortress was wooden at that time, consisting of a detinets and a palisade. The Hungarians attacked the principality of Labortz and burnt the castle. In the 10 century, the territory of the citadel is conquered by Hungarians, who are starting the construction of a new building.

Uzhgorod Castle was a tasty morsel, and Hungarian kings gave their subjects these lands. So at the beginning of 14 century, King Charles Robert gives the castle to the Italian family of Druget. The counts of Druget had a palace for almost four centuries. They rebuilt the castle in the 16 century. To perform the construction works were invited to the Italian masters, who left the Renaissance influence in the architecture of the palace. Strong fortification walls were erected. 

Since the end of the 12th century, the castle in Uzhhorod passes into the hands of Gyorgy Rakoczy, and then Miklos Berceni became its owner. It was thanks to Miklos and his wife that the castle turned into a pompous count's yard, the center of cultural and political life of the end of the 17-beginning of the 17 century. Already in the middle of 18 century the palace became a religious center, because here was placed a theological seminary before the arrival of Soviet troops.

The thickness of the protective walls of the palace reaches 10 m in height and 5 m in width. They are surrounded by a deep moat, amazing with their power and inaccessibility right in the center of the city. Uzhgorod Castle was located opposite the main entrance gate. This is a two-story building, in which more than 40 premises are located. The largest hall (formerly knightly) is located on the second floor. There were solemn events there. Noteworthy castle chapel, in which the ceiling is painted on religious themes as early as 1857 by the artist Ferdinand Vydra.

In the dungeons of the fortress once there were casemates, and now there is a tasting room. You can try all kinds of Transcarpathian wines and plunge into the Middle Ages.

Unfortunately, in the courtyard of the castle, only the foundation of the church was preserved, which was built in the 14 century. In 1728, there was a severe fire, as a result of which the church burned down. There is a legend that it was here that the witches were burned.

The inner courtyard of the castle is decorated not only by the garden, but also by mythical statues. First of all, the sculpture of the ancient Greek hero Hercules, which depicts the victory of Hercules over the many-headed snake, is striking. Nearby, another statue of Greek mythology is the conductor of the dead souls Hermes. Also there is an interesting bronze sculpture of the bird Turula (falcon), which is associated with the legend of the liberation struggle.

The events described in the legend occur in the 17 century, when the castle in Uzhhorod was owned by Count Druget, whose daughter was of unearthly beauty. The glory of her spread far beyond the city limits. One day, when the Poles wanted to get the castle, they sent their voivodeship to the fortress to investigate the situation. It so happened that one of them met with Druget's daughter. They fell in love at first sight. The girl because of her feelings told the Pole about all the secret passages. Upon learning of the betrayal, the father ordered his servants to wall out their daughter in the walls of the fortress. Since then, the soul of the deceased has no rest and wanders along the corridors of the palace, waiting for its release from the walls.

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